Hepatitis B Images
What you seen now in the picture is the Hepatitis B virus. This is the microorganism that causes Hepatitis. Hepatitis B virus belongs to the Hepadnavirus family. The outer part of the hepatitis B virus is composed of lipid envelope. Aside from that, the core of the HBV is made of icosahedral nucleocapsid which is mainly protein. The embedded protein that is found in the outer part of the virus is the one that attaches to the host cell. Thus, the binding of the HBV is because of its embedded outer proteins. The approximate diameter of the virus is considered as 42nm in diameter. This is why this was said to be one of the smallest viruses with envelope properties.
What you see now in this picture is a microscopic view of the type of Hepatitis which is jaundice. Jaundice is a condition where there is yellowish discoloration of the eyes of an individual. Aside from the eyes, jaundice also affects the normal color of the skin as well as mucous membranes. The yellowish discoloration of these parts of the body is the result of the easy break down of the hemoglobin in the hematopoietic system. Usually, the root cause of the yellowish discoloration is the increase in the build-up of heme and globin in the blood.
The image presented above is an example of the liver that is affected by hepatitis B. As you can see, there is formation of cirrhosis in the outer surface of the liver. Unknowingly, the cirrhosis is also extending up to the inner part of the liver. Because of the cirrhosis, there is inability if the liver cells to maintain its functions. When there is already scarring of the liver cells, there is disruption in the cells’ life. In severe cases, there may be presence of pus in the patients suffering from hepatitis B. Thus imposes greater risk for them as well.
The image above this text is an example of a healthy liver. In this picture, you will notice that there is no evidence of scarring in the surface of the organ unlike when you will see a liver that is infected by Hepatitis B Virus. The hepatocytes of the cells in the liver in this case can perform its optimal level of functioning and this liver is in its best health.
What you see now is a person suffering from ascites. Ascites is the accumulation of excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity of an individual. This is alternatively called hydroperitoneum, peritoneal fluid excess or peritoneal cavity fluid. This is a condition that can be a complication of Hepatitis B. This happens because of the trapping of the fluid in the metabolic system of the person suffering the condition. The main intervention for this kind of condition is paracentesis. This includes insertion of needles in the space between the belly and the pubic area in order to drain the fluid excess in the peritoneal cavity. Usually, the fluid that is being drained in this case is between three liters to five liters.