What is Hepatitis B?
The liver is one of the most vital of all the body’s internal organs. This body part plays vital functions in the human system. Initially, it is responsible in the process of detoxification of all the ingested foods and substances in the body. Second is that liver is responsible for the synthesis of the protein. This transforms the protein ingested to its potent form. Also, this is in charge of the release of the biochemical that is essential in the process of food digestion. This now indicates that liver is one of the most vital body parts needed for survival. Yet, there are great numbers of people who are experiencing compromised liver. Of all of these diseases, Hepatitis B is one of the most common.
When speaking of Hepatitis B, this is considered as infectious disease because of the infection brought by the HBV or the Hepatitis B virus. When the causative agent of the condition reaches the liver, this will lead to its inflammation. There are alternative names for hepatitis B and one of these is serum hepatitis. The best way to avoid this problem is to acquire a Hepatitis B Vaccine.
Most of the affected people of Hepatitis are found in continents like Africa as well as Asia. Moreover, this disease was found out to be endemic in the country of China. To date, there are about 2 billion individuals who have already been infected by this liver disease. This number of people is about a quarter of the total population all over the world.
Of course, it is important for you to know the Hepatitis B Symptoms. By the time that the person acquired HBV, it initially alters the normal function of the hepatocytes. These are the cells that are found in the liver and are responsible in carrying out the function of this vital organ. There is a receptor found in the liver that is yet to be discovered. This receptor is where the HBV binds. Moreover, the HBV virus binds to host cells with the aid of the so-called pres domain. During the attachment of the HBV virus to the host cell, there is viral clearance as well as hepatocellular damage occurring. Though it is a normal response that the immune system of a person will play a part in this occurrence, yet it still contributes to the damage occurring in the liver. The immune system now eradicates the infection by means of CTLs. The elimination of the HBV causes release of cytokinins. This now contributes to the increase in the rate of damage of the viable hepatocytes.
There are varieties of the mode of transmission of the disease. These can be acquired by means of blood transfusions. That is why the blood to be transmitted must be screened properly. Sexual contact is also another route of transmission of the disease. Infected items may also cause you to acquire the condition. Examples of these are nail clippers, razors and toothbrushes. The use of infected needles during having tattoos is also another root cause of Hepatitis B. On the other hand, hepatitis B can also be acquired by babies who have parents that are affected by the disorder. This site will discuss the ways to undergo Hepatitis B Treatment.